Pakistan is a populous multiethnic country in South Asia. Having a predominately Indo-Iranian-speaking population, Pakistan has historically and culturally been associated with its neighbors Iran, Afghanistan, and India. Since Pakistan and India achieved independence in 1947, Pakistan has been distinguished from its larger southeastern neighbor by its overwhelmingly Muslim population (as opposed to the predominance of Hindus in India).

Pakistan has struggled throughout its existence to attain political stability and sustained social development. Its capital is Islamabad, in the foothills of the Himalayas in the northern part of the country, and its largest city is Karachi, in the south on the coast of the Arabian Sea. Pakistan is bounded by Iran to the west, Afghanistan to the northwest and north, China to the northeast, and India to the east and southeast. The coast of the Arabian Sea forms its southern border.
Capital: Islamabad
Area:881,913 km^2
Population:220.9 million

Pakistan
Pakistan
S.NCityArea
1Karachi3,780 km^2
2Lahore1,726 km^2
3Islamabad1385.5 km^2
4Faisalabad1300 km^2
5Gujranwala240 km^2
6Peshawar215 km^2
7Multan286 km^2
8Hyderabad292 km^2
9Quetta178 km^2
10Bahawalpur246 km^2